American colonists were not represented in British parliament. Pennsylvania became the home of the Quakers. Virginia. Colonial families often paid a teacher to run a private grammar school which taught them maths, Latin and other subjects. Name_____ Date_____ Period_____ Chapter 4: The Thirteen Colonies Thirteen Colonies Chart Colony Year Founded Leader/Founder Government Reasons Founded New England Colonies 1. At that time, New Hampshire was known as the Upper Province of Massachusetts. As time went on more and more slaves came to Virginia and other southern colonies to work on tobacco farms. However, according to the charter, the freemen, who included any of the charter's shareholders, could have drawn up a council, but Winthrop initially tried to keep that secret from them. Upon his death, his son, the second Baron Baltimore, Cecil Calvert (also called Lord Baltimore), founded Maryland in 1632. Below are excerpts from colonial era founding documents citing these religious references. The English founded the first permanent settlement in America in 1607. Start studying The Leaders of the Thirteen Colonies. The Council for New England gave the charter to Captain John Mason. 1620 1629 William Bradford. Frederick Stone Batcheller/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Wealthy families sent older children back to Europe to study at colleges and universities. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at The Thirteen Colonies. Interactive Grammar and Vocabulary Exercises, Colonial America - Multiple Choice Exercise, Colonial America - Vocabulary Matching Exercise, Colonial America - Fill in the missing words, Text and Worksheets available at our shop, George Washington - America's First President, The New England Colonies : Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, The Middle Colonies : Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, The Southern Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia. Massachusetts Bay Colony was created in 1629 by a charter from King Charles I, and the first settlers arrived in 1630. While the Massachusetts Bay Company was intended to transfer the colonial wealth to Britain, the settlers themselves transferred the charter to Massachusetts, turning a commercial venture into a political one. John Winthrop became the governor of the colony. In 1634, the General Court ruled that the settlers must create a representative legislative body. Connecticut 1635 Thomas Hooker Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Religious and political freedom – Thomas … Penn set up the colony to allow for religious freedom. Although it had been inhabited by Europeans since the 1640s, the colony of New Jersey was founded in 1664, when the Duke of York, the future King James II, gave the land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers to two loyal followers, Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley. A large number of diverse settlers gathered there. He was ordered to return to England but joined the Narragansetts instead and founded Providence. The 13 colonies were a group of settlements that became the original states of the United States of America . In 1702, the two parts were combined, and New Jersey was made a royal colony with an elected assembly. General James Oglethorpe led the settlement at Savannah as a refuge for the poor and persecuted. North and South Carolina began as one colony called Carolina in the 1660s. The colony of New York was originally part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland founded in 1609 by Peter Minuit, which became New Amsterdam in 1614. Over time, colonists became frustrated with this unfair economic system and with Britain's administration of taxation of the colonies without any accompanying representation in Britain.Â. In groups of 3 review your 13 Colonies research chart. Most settlers came to America because they wanted religious freedom. In 1620 a second group of colonists, the Pilgrims, left England on the Mayflower. Teaching Social Studies Teaching Resources Teaching Ideas William Bradford Political Freedom 13 Colonies … Puritans from Massachusetts Bay also helped settle the colony. Britain had an extensive history of colonization, and it wanted colonies in North America for multiple reasons, including to increase their trading opportunities, create new jobs, and bring in revenue from colonial workers and goods. One great leader is Peter Stuyversant. Only people who paid taxes and owned land had the right to vote in an assembly. Manufacturing: making things by hand or by machine. 13 Colonies - Pilgrims vs. Puritans - Reading and Comparison Chart - This 5 page resource relates to the 13 Colonies of American history and centers on the similarities and differences between the Pilgrims and the Puritans in early 13 Colonies history. Colonists grew their own food, basically corn and wheat. They wanted peace and a quiet life. RHODE ISLAND: Roger Williams. Others were fed up with wars and rebellions that went on in Europe and made it unstable. Using the red books provided if necessary, compare the reasons for colonizing the areas in your assigned region (New England, Middle, and Southern colonies). The colony was named after the English king, James I. George Calvert, the first Baron Baltimore, was a Roman Catholic who faced discrimination in England. ", Whoisjohngalt / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0, Worlidge, John/Library of Congress/Public Domain, Print Collector/Getty Images / Getty Images, Founding and History of the New Jersey Colony, The Founding of North Carolina Colony and Its Role in the Revolution, Essential Facts About the South Carolina Colony, The Founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, The First New World Voyage of Christopher Columbus, La Navidad: First European Settlement in the Americas, The Second Voyage of Christopher Columbus, Check Your Knowledge: A 'New World' Discovered, Governments of the Original Thirteen Colonies, Quick Chart of the Thirteen Original Colonies, Check Your Knowledge: Original 13 Colonies, The Root Causes of the American Revolution, Check Your Knowledge: Dissent Turns to Revolution, Check Your Knowledge: American Revolution Begins. They also went hunting and fishing. Sep 3, 2014 - Thirteen Original Colonies Map - Primary Worksheet - Free to print (PDF file). It was not until 1776 that Delaware was declared separate from Pennsylvania. As the colonies were established throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, the population grew immensely, starting at just 2,000 people and rising to over 2 million. They passed laws and collected taxes. When the first Europeans came to America Indians had already been living there for many centuries. But most people came for religious reasons. providing opportunities for colonists to participate in government. Thomas Hooker organized the colony to have a means of defense against the local Pequots. From 13 Colonies to 50 States Narrator On July 4, 1776, leaders of the 13 colonies in North America met in Philadelphia and declared their independence from Great Britain and King George III. The 13 colonies can be divided into three regions: New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. After 1701 Delaware was given the right to its own assembly, but they continued to share the same governor. Peter led the colony beginning in 1647. Each man was given the title "Lord Proprietor of the Province of Carolina.". This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature.” A ll colonies were predominantly Christian. I teach Colonial America in three units: New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies. They called it New Amsterdam. Some early colonial governments foreshadowed elements that would be found in the U.S. government after independence. By 1750 there were 13 English colonies in North America. At times Britain did not pay very much attention to the colonists and their needs. Pennsylvania Colony was a proprietary colony founded after the Quaker William Penn was awarded a charter by King Charles II in 1681. Most of the settlements were located in the southern part of the colony. Thirteen Colonies Chart. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at The Thirteen Colonies webquest print page. This led to a war between England and France in the middle of the 18 th century. Today … They believed that all people were equal in front of God. But the settlers had many problems during the first winters and hardly managed to survive. New Hampshire (1623) - John Mason was the first land holder. In the richer colonies of the South most children were taught at home by private teachers. By a royal charter in 1691, Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony were joined together to form the Massachusetts Colony. Farmers in the south saw a chance to earn a lot by growing and selling tobacco. New Hampshire was created as a proprietary colony, founded in 1623. Ruling powers were given to a governor. In 1732, the 13 colonies were complete. Prompts are included to help you focus your analysis on the ... European leaders Vs Colonial Citizens Mar 21, 2014 - Thirteen Colonies Chart | Thirteen Colonies Chart.. The 13 Original U.S. Colonies . He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government. A very important man is William Penn. John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. He ruled without a legislature, causing dissension and complaint among the citizens. Click on a founder below to learn more! The American colonies were farming land. Another group thought it was easy to make money and get rich quickly in America. The colony was known for having religious freedom. When New Hampshire gained its independence from Massachusetts Colony in 1741, the government of New Hampshire included a governor, his advisers, and a representative assembly. In 1636, the first university, Harvard, was founded in America. original 13 USA colonies, founders of the original 13 colonies, dates the original 13 colonies were founded, Leader/Founder = Identify the Founder of the Colony or the Leader put in place by England to rule the colony They taught the colonists how to grow crops and survive the harsh winters. 10. Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. Virginia (1607) - John Smith and the London Company. A related objective was to undercut the price of illegal tea, smuggled into Britain's North American colonies. American colonists were very religious people. Economic and political reasons - The Dutch colony on the Hudson separated New England from the other English colonies and threatened British rule in North America. Saved by Kelly Butler. Farmers in the south saw a chance to earn a lot by gro… At first, the two colonies were joined and shared the same legislative assembly. In 1664, King Charles II gave the entire country, from the Connecticut to the Delaware, to his brother James, Duke of York, ignoring the claims of the Dutch colony. Virginia was the first permanently settled English colony, with the 1607 founding of Jamestown. The new United States of America was born. In New England farms had little land but in the southern colonies farms were much bigger. Connecticut In this case, the 13 colonies were located in North America, and they were controlled by Great Britain. The Tea Act 1773 (13 Geo 3 c 44) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.The principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive. The colonial government was created through the Fundamental Constitution of Carolina. We also spend a little time comparing the colonial regions once we’ve learned about all three. About forty years later English settlers drove the Dutch away and renamed the town New York. Delaware was founded as a colony in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company. Back to History for Kids Fathers taught their sons how to grow crops and hunt, daughters had to help their mothers cook, sew and look after the animals. Thirteen states. 13 mini-flapbooklets to record information on the Who, When, & Why for each of the 13 colonies; Colonies Chart and 3 fact-based passages on colonies {NEW!} The Connecticut colony was founded in 1636 when the Dutch established the first trading post on the Connecticut River, part of a movement of people who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony to find better land. Some countries, besides England, that were in the British Empire were Wales, Scotland, and parts of Ireland. At first the Indians were friendly. CONNECTICUT: Thomas Hooker. Each person should take notes and answer the following questions: 1. Teaching the 13 Colonies, or Colonial America, is a highlight of my school year. The resource includes a detailed 2 page readin They wanted peace and a quiet life. increasing colonial ties with English leaders in parliament. Some historians believe that this written constitution was the basis for the later U.S. Constitution. Most of them had assemblies, like the parliament in England. They were divided into three groups: Colonists had many reasons for leaving Europe and coming to the New World. These colonies belonged to the British Empire and were founded during the 17th and 18th centuries.Â, By the 1700s, the British government controlled its colonies under mercantilism, a system that regulated the balance of trade in favor of Britain. Georgia was established in 1732 and given to a group of 21 trustees by King George II as a buffer colony between the Spanish in Florida and the rest of the English colonies. Start studying Thirteen Colonies Chart. Below this map is an interactive scavenger hunt. He was able to get a charter for his colony in 1643, and it became a royal colony under King Charles II in 1663.Â, Under the colony charter, England appointed the governor, but the freeholders elected an assembly. 13 Colonies Founders This interactive page provides biographical information on nine important "founders" in Colonial America including John Smith, John Rolfe, Christopher Newport, Lord Baltimore, William Penn, Thomas Hooker and more. In 1685 New York became a royal colony, and King James II sent Sir Edmund Andros to be the royal governor. You will need to Massachusetts 1620 1629 William Bradford John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. The 13 Colonies Travel Brochure Objectives I will understand how and why the 13 colonies of America were founded and how they compared to each other with respect to government, culture, geography, and economy. Englands colonization in the new world led to the Thirteen Colonies made up of … Maryland was the first proprietary government, which means that the proprietor had executive authority. Economic Activities in the 13 Colonies. They produced iron and textiles. On these plantations colonists grew tobacco and other products which they sold to England and other colonies. By the year 1702 all 13 American colonies had some form of state-supported religion. James, the Duke of York, gave Delaware to William Penn in 1682, who said that he needed the land to secure his own colony of Pennsylvania. There were no elected governors. Many of them left Europe because they could not believe in their faith freely. He created a government where he made the laws with the consent of the freemen landowners in the colony. The early leaders of the 13 colonies included: MASSACHUSETTS: William Bradford - Massachusetts Bay. Saved from images.search.yahoo.com. Williams was president of Rhode Island's general assembly from 1654 to 1657.Â. The United States of America started out as 13 original colonies. Thirteen Colonies Chart Colony Year Founded Leader/Founder Government Reasons Founded New England Colonies 1. As there were no churches people went to meeting houses to pray together. Massachusetts. 13 Colonies Interactive Map. They pushed them westward and took away more and more of their land. Another group thought it was easy to make money and get rich quickly in America. Description: This awesome map allows students to click on any of the colonies or major cities in the colonies to learn all about their histories and characteristics from a single map and page! In fact, for a time, the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire were joined. The colonies all had similar constitutions, legal systems, and political systems in place. They raised cattle that gave them meat, milk and butter and kept chicken and sheep. 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