From Sydney they were trained to Hay Prisoner of War and Internment Camp. U.S. Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall met with Churchill to discuss how many people the Queens could carry effectively. 968 passengers & 935 crew. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers cordially welcomed Churchill that grim December, then set to work devising a strategy to deal with a two-front, two-ocean war. If the Western allies had been delayed, Stalin’s Red Army might have spread Communism beyond the reaches of Eastern Europe. Tokyo’s ambitions knew no bounds, and its clear goal was nothing less than the control of East Asia. The ship was divided into three vertical sections—Red, White, and Blue—and every soldier coming aboard was given a colored button corresponding to the section where his unit was assigned. Aquitania left New York with the 628 TD's on board on 29 January 1944. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. The RMS Queen Elizabeth was an ocean liner operated by Cunard Line.With Queen Mary she provided weekly luxury liner service between Southampton in the United Kingdom and New York City in the United States, via Cherbourg in France.. During August 2 through 7, 1942, the ship carried a complete division, the First Armored, across the Atlantic. Before the war she was a luxury liner, now she is used as a troopship. His brother Eric Sydney Connelly was also with him. RMS Queen Mary was Britain’s entry in the fierce transatlantic passenger trade. The RMS Queen Mary was a legendary ship in any guise, even a troopship, but even before the war it had a tendency to roll in heavy seas. There was an occasional work detail, and some officers arranged exercise workouts. Their high speeds allowed them to outrun hazards, principally German U-boats, usually allowing them to travel without a convoy. In an effort to calm nerves, the captain asked Bob Hope to do a show for his fellow travelers. Only time would tell. The net result was an atmosphere of cigarette smoke, sweat, vomit, and diesel oil that cannot be imagined by merely looking at period photographs. They needed this irreverent wit because tedious weeks aboard the Queen Mary could try the patience of a saint. When the workmen were finished, Queen Mary could take 5,500 passengers. He left Sydney, Australian on the Queen Mary at the end of December 1940, or the beginning of January 1941 and arrived in Trincomalee, Sri Lanka on the 31 January, 1941. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Photo: Troopship Queen Mary From Troopship Queen Elizabeth, 1943 at the best online prices at eBay! Churchill was also a hard-headed realist who did not shrink from difficult and even controversial decisions if the need arose. Mahogany and other exotic woods, many from Britain’s own colonies, were used in the interior. Liverpool, England. Once in Australia, Queen Mary was taken to the Cockatoo Docks and Engineering Co. pier to undergo its transformation. The liner reached Sydney on April 17, a voyage of some 14,000 miles made at an average speed of 27.2 knots. The ship was inspected and deemed seaworthy. In peacetime, it was designed to carry 2,119 passengers and 1,035 crew. S. Harding - Gray Ghost. If the liner was sunk, the psychological blow to morale—not to mention the loss of life—would have been devastating. Queen Mary’s lifeboats could carry a maximum of about 3,000 souls. As World War II started, the Queen Mary's transformation into a troopship had begun. View all articles on this page . Dubbed the "Grey Ghost" because of her stealth and stark color, the Queen Mary was the largest and fastest troopship to sail, capable of transporting as many as 16,000 troops at 30 knots. 0000000913 00000 n (Read about these and other famous vessels of the Second World War inside WWII History magazine.). xref But Post-War, Queen Mary’s days, and those of the great cruise liner era in general, were numbered. 0000002228 00000 n 52 0 obj <> endobj And technically, while they were captured in Libya, they embarked at Suez. Awnings also were spread in an effort to deflect the sun’s burning rays. Alexandria Hotel Craig Owens Floating Hotel Hotel Del Coronado Haunted Hotel Old Florida Queen Mary D Day Great Britain. Adolf Hitler offered a million reichsmarks, about $250,000, and the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves to any submarine captain who could successfully torpedo the Queen Mary. In fact, this same tanker had passed the Queen Mary only 45 minutes earlier. In essence, the ship could carry an entire division across the ocean in less than six days. The ship went into service in 1936, and in August of that year it captured the fabled “Blue Ribband” prize for the fastest transatlantic passage. 0000012484 00000 n One tragedy did mar the Queen’s otherwise sterling wartime career. A troopship (also troop ship or troop transport or trooper) is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime. Indeed, many claim they helped shorten the war by about a year. Times when the very landscape appears to shift. The former first-class dining saloon was the main enlisted men’s mess hall. %PDF-1.6 %���� Sailed alone. So thank you again for your information on the Queen Mary. The Queen Mary would have been the greatest prize of all. This was an unfortunate trait in the North Atlantic, well known for centuries as one of the most treacherous, even capricious, oceans in the world. The ship reached a milestone on the July 25-30, 1943, passage. This first maiden troopship voyage was completed successfully, but the Queen’s arrival back in Britain coincided with the war’s darkest days. Queen Mary History The need for Queen Mary. Aug 5, 2014 - Queen Mary in WWII when it was a Troop Carrier ship to Germany. The Curacao’s stern momentarily half capsized, its propellers spinning in the empty air, before finally disappearing beneath the waves. By 1943, planning for Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of occupied France, was well underway. File; File history; File usage on Commons; Metadata; Size of this preview: 800 × 515 pixels. It was the largest number of people ever carried by a steamship. Help. The December 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor widened the war and brought the United States into the conflict on the Allied side. July to December: The records of ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed intentionally in 1951. Access to millions of video clips from the world’s great stock video, archival footage and news footage libraries. ABOUT OUR PRINTS. At least the GIs were aboard for only six days. Churchill always boarded at Gourock, Scotland, near the mouth of the Clyde, in evening hours to lessen the chances that his movements would become known to … 0000000016 00000 n Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain’s government pledged to come to Poland’s aid if it was attacked. “Built for the arts of peace and to link the Old World with the New,” he later wrote, “the Queens challenged the fury of Hitlerism in the Battle of the Atlantic. There was a fear—real or imagined—that German spies might try to damage the mighty vessel. There was to be no swearing, no obscene or profane language, and above all no gambling of any kind. In the annals of military history magazines, this is one of those moments. Queen Mary arrived safely at Cunard’s Pier 90 in New York City on September 5, and was ordered to stay put for the foreseeable future. The period from January to August 1942 was fondly remembered by German submariners as “the happy time,” a period when they were winning the vital Battle of the Atlantic. The RMS Queen Mary: A Thought on Paper to a Reality on Sea. Cunard would build the first of its great new ships in the Clydeside region of Scotland. Now, she was to have the armaments roughly equivalent to a light cruiser. queen elizabeth queen mary queen of bermuda rangitata rangitiki rebecca lukens rensselaer victory republic (hosp.) Various shots of sailors on deck, waving to people on quay as ship sails out to sea. Suddenly, the Curacao moved close to the Queen Mary—too close. The spartan accommodations of steerage would be upgraded to a much more comfortable “third class” in order to attract middle-income passengers. The open ocean is one thing, but the relatively narrow confines of the Red Sea exposed the ship to too much risk. The finest and most comprehensive archive of fabulous footage and stunning stills. Marshall had the idea of shipping at least 10,000 men, perhaps even 15,000, aboard one vessel. The war service of the RMS Queen Mary made a vital contribution to the success of the Allies. That spring, Hitler unleashed the blitzkrieg on Western Europe, overrunning Holland, Belgium, and ultimately France in a matter of weeks. Sandwiches were available for the men to take with them as they exited, to snack on between meals. During her war service as a troopship Queen Elizabeth carried more than 750,000 troops, and she also sailed … On March 1, 1944, the War Shipping Administration made me an offer I couldn't refuse: take a ship on its maiden voyage to England and return to the States on the Queen Mary.I could not wait to get aboard, get that ship delivered, and step on the deck of the one and only Queen Mary! Winston Churchill traveled across the Atlantic Ocean during World War II aboard the Queen Mary three times; May 1943, July 1943 and September 1944. A 35-year veteran of the sea, he was nevertheless amazed by the Queen Mary’s great size. Breakfast was available from 6:30 am to 11:00 am, and dinner from 3:00 pm to 7:30 pm. King George V chose the name Queen Mary for the ship in honor of his wife. On 2 October 1942 Queen Mary accidentally sank one of her escorts, slicing through the light cruiser HMS Curacoa (D41), with the loss of 338 lives. The list included 40mm cannon in five double mounts sited fore and aft and 24 single-barrel cannon emplaced in steel tub mounts along the ship’s upper structure. “If one of the guys above you throws up, it’ll wind up all over you!” Cerrachio immediately changed his mind and picked an upper bunk. As one group was exiting, another group would be queueing up to be served. Ships to transport troops were already used in Antiquity. The tragedy had been caused by a series of wrong assumptions, small miscalculations, and bad timing thoroughly based on human error. Some rules were rigidly enforced. The political consequences were immense. 0000015037 00000 n Feb 14, 2013 - The Cunard Line's RMS MAURETANIA and QUEEN MARY had sailed from New York to Sydney in March 1940 to carry troops overseas for war. L/S of ship, "The Queen Mary", arriving in Australian waters. Also … The Bill Duggan Story . She was painted a camouflaged grey color and stripped of her luxurious amenities. The Japanese were careful to maintain peaceful relations with Britain and the United States, but war with the western powers was clearly on the horizon. As England and France declare war on Germany, the Queen Mary’s days as a passenger ocean liner appear over. A Tribute to the Grandest Queen of all! Most of the crew went back to Britain to serve in the war, leaving only a small maintenance crew aboard. The ship might weather choppy seas or a raging winter storm, but the packed men would be so tossed about that broken arms and other injuries could result. Bisset had no idea that two German submarines, U-161 and U-129, were not far behind following the same route. Churchill was a complete romantic who loved pageantry, tradition, and the past. The RMS Queen Mary was used as a troopship throughout World War II and usually crossed the Atlantic without an escort, relying on her speed to evade the U-Boats. New York, NY. I have a shoe box of memorabilia and souvenirs collected by my uncle, Leslie Jack Connolly, throughout his life. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. The Hopes were not alone, and in fact Queen Mary had a record 2,332 passengers aboard when she left Southampton on August 30, 1939. In January 1942, the ship was in Boston undergoing another refit that would boost her passenger load from 5,000 to 8,500. It was decided that the Queen Mary could take 15,000 men only during the summer months, when the seas were calmer. The liner often was unescorted because her speed was considered her best defense. Without the massive buildup provided by the Queens, D-Day might have been postponed until 1945. The photos of the Queen Mary taken by an Australian Official Photographer add the description: Sydney, NSW. He was caught without a life jacket and forced to surrender his shoes. “Gazing up at her,” he later recalled, “I felt overawed at the responsibility soon to be mine….”. Seasickness was common, and the men rarely washed. Download Image of HM Troopship Queen Mary in Sydney, World War II / photographer unknown. Thanks to Wesley for authorizing us to "mirror" this unique contribution to the history of WW II. The photos of the Queen Mary taken by an Australian Official Photographer add the description: Sydney, NSW. Queen Mary served under the British Royal Navy from 21 March 1940, ... 1944. On that voyage, 15,125 troops and 863 crewmen were aboard. Her carrying capacity was over 15,000 troops and over 900 crew. It was the kind of percentage that might tip the scales in Germany’s favor. Troop Ships of the 5AD Two pictures of the Edmund B. Alexander The Athlone Castle Another picture of H.M.T. The once graceful looking Liner now looks the part of a real troop ship! There was serious flooding to the forepeak, but as long as the watertight bulkhead held, there would be no serious danger. In these eight months no less than 609 Allied ships went to the bottom, a staggering 3.1 million tons in all. Six 3-inch guns were also aboard, as well as two antiaircraft rocket launchers near the aft funnel. the queen mary on war service. Eric Niderost is a college professor in Hayward, California. <<889F686FFB68A141A97E248D764829F1>]>> 0000009108 00000 n Author’s private collection. Soldiers could take as much as they wanted but were allotted only 45 minutes to complete their meals. Gourock was beyond reach to all but a handful of German long-range aircraft types. Queen Mary: 30th Anti-aircraft Artillery (AAA) Group [12,009 troops; 1,130 … 52 30 Blue was from the number four stairway to the stern. When some British personnel tried to counter with “Rule Britannia” graffiti, they too were thrown in the brig to cool off for a few days. 0000009219 00000 n The GIs ignored the gambling ban, and probably drove the MP’s to distraction. In fact, this trip was one of the most dangerous of the Queen Mary’s entire wartime service. History; History / Contemporary history (1901 – Present Day) / Second World War; 0000012534 00000 n Extra fans were jerry-rigged all around the ship, and saltwater showers were installed above decks. RMS Queen Mary Passenger Lists 1936-1960. Other resolutions: 320 × 206 pixels | 640 × 412 pixels | 1,024 × 659 pixels | 1,400 × 901 pixels. The liner left Boston on February 18, 1942, under bright blue skies that seemed to augur a safe passage. The RMS Queen Mary‘s Maiden Voyage as a Troopship. After the tide turned in North Africa, thousands of Germans also found themselves involuntary passengers aboard the great liner. This is troopship Queen Elisabeth. As a first step, her prewar livery of white, black, and Cunard red was replaced by a drab coat of what the Royal Navy called “Light Sea Gray.” This camouflage, together with her great speed, would be Queen Mary’s principal defense against marauding German U-boats. The Germans refused to believe that the Queen Mary had slipped the net; in fact they proudly announced the sinking of the great ship. The ship was named after the wife of Britain’s reigning monarch, King George V. The royal couple was on hand when the ship was launched RMS Queen Mary was an instant success, a legend in its own time. The ships themselves would be the main attraction of the journey, or, as the old saying put it, “Getting there is half the fun.”. Speed was reduced to less than half, about 13 knots. File:HM Troopship Queen Mary in Sydney, World War II - photographer unknown (8535523940).jpg. Page Three Photo Album - The Grey Ghost at War. Created: Jul 24, 2012. doc, 39 KB. Australian troops were tough and hearty, with a sense of humor that delighted in poking fun at the pretensions of themselves and others. 81 0 obj <>stream 0000013863 00000 n There are moments in military history that forever alter the flow of human events. Athlone Castle The Queen Mary The R.M.S. Both captains were men of ability and sound judgment. Navigating officer Stanley Wright remarked to the captain that he felt unhappy that the escorting vessel, HMS Curacao, was getting too close. White covered everything between number three and number four stairways, and included the sun deck. This is a great record kept by Sgt Gerald Edward Hanson, RAF, Journey on the Queen Mary from Greenock to Egypt, 21.12.1942 to 25.1.1943. U����4���?R�6:��.y+�f�9��Jީ�����N�7U��MG��6�������6&X���P�>6t���E����Ac��2�sƥ�.�Jl!ڤ��F�i�S*������3"(g_F�`n�S��GH;S���cmf��kbڥ����Ҵ= k3�? Following an extensive refurbishment, the ship was returned to passenger service. Listing Includes Date Voyage Began, Steamship Line, Vessel, Passenger Class and Route. I knew he had been in the Australian Army and I also knew he had served in the Middle East and now I know how he got there. The Queen Mary struck the Curacao a glancing blow at an acute angle about 11 feet from her stern, which spun the smaller vessel around 90 degrees and left her vulnerable for a second, more devastating collision. Queen Mary may have been large, but it was also incredibly fast. 44-05-13. The limited number of other troop ships were smaller, and usually had to travel in slower escorted convoys because of the submarine threat. Queen Elizabeth and Queen Mary were used as troop transports during the Second World War. Jan 18, 2013 - The Cunard Line's RMS MAURETANIA and QUEEN MARY had sailed from New York to Sydney in March 1940 to carry troops overseas for war. Sydney, Australia. The ship could average around 29 knots, even faster if pushed a little. 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